This is Not My Beautiful House by Everest Pipkin is about earlier desktop interface design and how they were using metaphor in the interfaces. It’s really interesting that metaphors in interfaces were shifting from a office desk to home, which is because computers were initially using at office, but after that personal desktop at home became popular. These interfaces like Magic Desk I looks more complex than current interfaces that we are using, but they actually have less and simpler functions. I think that is because the users of these interfaces(or the users of computer) are not familiar with computer as us. These interfaces have to use more figurative metaphor to instruct users, whereas current interface are using a lot of abstract icon that are based on people’s experiences of using electronic devices. I personally like more direct interfaces with simpler and more abstract icons, but these days oversimplification is also a problem. A lot of icons lost their original metaphor and become a fully abstract icon that represents the software itself but not it’s function. For example, icons of Microsoft Offices are changing from metaphor of documents and graphs to abstract shapes like squares and circles with certain colors that can represent a software. I think this is a problem because it makes interface design way more boring, and it’s unfriendly to people who are not familiar with computers, like senior people. Alt Text as Poetry by Bojana Coklyat and Shannon Finnegan is a project about alt text. It’s really interesting to use a language(or tools) that cannot detect by human eyes to write poetry.