compiled by olderthannetfic, elfwreck, liz-squids, cameoamalthea, greywash

1995 (and again in 2005) - Viacom/Paramount pursues the removal of all fan content/fan clubs from commercial third-party services acting as hosts.
1997 - Multiple hosters of The Simpsons, X-Files, and Star Trek fan content start getting targeted with C&D orders from Fox and Lucasfilm.
1998 - AOL TOSes X-Files fansites.
2000 - Harry Potter fansites get targeted by Warner Brothers.
2001 - Tripod purges a bunch of fansites, along with a lot of anti-Malaysian government content.
2002 - Fanfiction.net bans porn
2002 - Fanfiction.net bans RPF
2004 - Fanfiction.net bans script format
2005 - Fanfiction.net bans CYOA, Readerfic, 2nd person, Songfic
2005 - SheezyArt banning adult themes
2006 - LJ is sold to Russian media company SUP, in part so the Kremlin can control LJ’s use by Russian political dissidents.
2007 - Strikethrough, Boldthrough [on livejournal servers]
2007 - Youtube starts using its “content ID” system to identify (and block) works that include copyrighted material in their database.
2009 - GeoCities shuts down, taking old fannish websites. Yahoo purchased GeoCities, and was behind the decision to shut all those sites down.
2009 - Greatestjournal shuts down, taking down fandom’s biggest collection of blog-style RPGs
2009 - scans_daily, which was “originally founded as a place to revel in the slashy subtext of comics,” was TOSed from LJ for copyright infringement after a complaint from Marvel.
2010 - FFN forums deleted
2010 ish (?) - deviantART purges adult fanfiction
2011 - Del.icio.us destroyed by Yahoo’s incompetence
2011 - Several female M/M slash writers arrested in China for depicting/promoting homosexuality, gore, and violence
2012 - major Fanfiction.net crackdown on porn
2012 - Megaupload shut down by FBI; some (many?) fanvid archives lost
2014 - Quizilla shuts down
2014 - Several more female M/M slash writers and archive hosts arrested in China for depicting/promoting homosexuality and sexually explicit material
2015 - Journalfen’s servers become fully robust, deleting Fandom Wank
2016 -y!gallery an archive of m/m art and stories, original and fanfiction was completely destroyed and all works were lost
2017 - Another high-profile female fic writer arrested in China for selling “illegally published works”
2018 - Tumblr deletes a number of fannish blogs containing photo edits for copyright infringement
2018 - Tumblr deletes a number of fannish blogs containing NSFW content
2018 - Article 13 of the EU copyright reform measurewhich has serious and damaging implications for fannish content—passes the European Parliament [though it has not yet been enacted into law and if you are in the EU you can still call your MEPs and agitate to block it]

greywash -
>Fandom purges are almost never just about one thing. Fannish content both relies on fair use exemption and is frequently sexually explicit, so it gets attacked on both copyright/legal grounds (thank you, OTW Legal Team, for protecting us!) and TOS/hoster rules about porn/specific fictional content (thank you, AO3, for being an open archive!). On top of that, there is a nontrivial history of fannish content being lumped in with content that criticizes authoritarian governments, and targeted by sweeps by those governments and their censorship agencies when they purchase or put pressure on the commercial entities that own the servers (thank you, OTW, for being a nonprofit and owning and defending our servers!).

>If you care about fannish content, you have to fight for fanfic on all three fronts. And if we hop off of HTTP and onto one of the decentralized protocols like dat et cetera, like people are starting to talk about in response to Article 13 and the Tumblr purges, we will inevitably be targeted along with a) people pirating media, b) porn distributors, and c) anti-government protestors, because those groups are also going use those protocols, too. I’m not saying, don’t think about migrating. I’m saying: there is a systemic problem within fandom, regarding the fact that we routinely get hit on three fronts: legal rights to the material we transform, sexual content, and governmental disapproval. Protecting fandom means fighting for fandom on all three fronts and putting thought and effort into how to make an archive robust against all three prongs of the attack.

>This is what’s made AO3/the OTW so special: we have lawyers protecting our right to make what we make, we have a TOS that protects our right to make things that are sexually explicit, and because the OTW is a nonprofit, it’s more robust to the pressure that can be brought to bear upon commercial entities by both corporate and governmental powers (though, I note, especially when it comes to governments, it’s not immune, and we have to keep actively protecting it, and we have to protect other fans). If you are in fandom but you think that copyright upload filters are fine, because, well, you don’t want to put fanvids on YouTube, you are part of the problem. Your community is under attack. The powers that be have always come for us by attacking us in pieces, and we have always only ever successfully fought back by banding together.

History of online censorship though fandom / dictation of fair use & memes
Alice Clearwater
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