"…an example of what Mikhail Bakhtin has identified as the new art form created by Dostoevsky: the <b>polyphonic novel</b>. Where traditional novels are monological or homophonic, presupposing a single worldview and moving toward a final synthesis of opposing views, a polyphonic novel creates a set of characters, each endowed with a distinctive voice and worldview, who are pitted against one another in an open-ended dialogue. In a polyphonic novel, according to Bakhtin, there is a 'plurality of independent and unmarked voices and consciousnesses, a genuine polyphony of fully valid voices.' In such a novel, any character’s point of view is 'from the beginning a rejoinder in an unfinished dialogue.' Thoughts and statements appear as reflections of points of view in a space of oppositions; they make sense only within 'a world of consciousnesses mutually illuminating one another, a world of yoked-together semantic orientations..'"