“When a carpenter wants to cut a half-dozen boards to the same length, he is unlikely to measure each one, mark it, and then carefully guide his saw along the line he has made on each board. Rather, he will make a jig
A jig reduces the degrees of freedom that are afforded by the environment. It stabilizes a process, and in doing so lightens the burden of care—on both memory and fine muscular control. The concept of a jig can be extended beyond its original context of manual fabrication. As David Kirsh points out in his classic and indispensable article “The Intelligent Use of Space,” jigging is something that expert practitioners do generally, if we allow that it is possible to jig one’s environment “informationally.”
Excerpt From: Matthew B. Crawford. “The World Beyond Your Head.” iBooks. https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/the-world-beyond-your-head/id923962482?mt=11
Every innovation results from a new interpretation, a new contextualization or decontextualization of a cultural attitude or act. The belief in an ineffable decision welling up from the depths of human freedom presupposes, in contrast, that we assume the existence of a hidden reality – even when it is now conceived of as absolutely free nothingness.
With sufficient cultural experience, an individual, whether he is a producer or consumer of the new, can appreciate something new as truly new, interesting, original, significant, and valuable before it has achieved genuine social success and acquired power and social recognition. On the other hand, the existence of an individual capacity to recognize the new means that the new necessarily contains something that inevitably brings it success in a given culture, whatever the power structures that back or oppose it.
(Excerpt From: On the New, Boris Groys)