8 Principles for Managing a Commons
— Elinor Ostrom
Define clear group boundaries.
Match rules governing use of common goods to local needs and conditions.
Ensure that those affected by the rules can participate in modifying the rules.
Make sure the rule-making rights of community members are respected by outside authorities.
Develop a system, carried out by community members, for monitoring members’ behavior.
Use graduated sanctions for rule violators.
Provide accessible, low-cost means for dispute resolution.
Build responsibility for governing the common resource in nested tiers from the lowest level up to the entire interconnected system.
As per Sternberg’s propulsion theory of creativity , creative contributions are attempts to propel a field from wherever it is to wherever the creator believes the field should go. He proposed following four-level taxonomy of creative contributions.
The lowest level consists of paradigm preserving contributions that leave the field where it is through replication.
The next creative level is of paradigm forwarding contributions that move the field forward in the direction it already is going. This movement may be forward incrementation or advance forward incrementation.
A higher level of creative contributions is paradigm rejecting. Such creations move the field in a new direction from an existing or preexisting point. It involves redirection or reconstruction.
The highest levels of creative contributions are also paradigm rejecting. This rejection is not to redirect the field from an existing old point, but to restart the field in a new place, and move in a new direction from there. It requires re-initiation and/or integration. Inter-disciplinary approaches stimulate such thinking.
“Politics is about the distribution of power in society, and in the early 21st century, digital products are exerting influence on how power is distributed among us.”
— Richard Pope
It would be very handy to be able to invite a new user to a channel via the 'edit collaborators' link. When trying to add someone, I just took a little while to find that the email I was using was not associated with an account yet.
This is probably more for Are.na rather than a premium feature