There are two definitions of aporia included in the Oxford English Dictionary: the adjective, “aporetic” defined as “to be at a loss,” “impassable,” and “inclined to doubt, or to raise objections”; and the noun “aporia,”defined as the “state of the aporetic” and “a perplexity or difficulty.” The two early textual uses refer to aporia's rhetorical application.
Aporia, in its rhetorical usage, is a feigned expression of doubt which is often followed by the expression of a conclusive thought. This conclusive thought, as often used in Plato's early dialogues. In its modern usage, primarily used by post-structuralists, aporia has addressed its philosophical application. It is defined more as a specific moment in philosophical thought, rather than a rhetorical expression, where in thought an individual reaches an impasse, or a point of doubt and indecision. Jacques Derrida has used the term to “indicate a point of undecidability, which locates the site at which the text most obviously undermines its own rhetorical structure, dismantles, or or deconstructs itself.”
Critics of the Aeneid focus on a variety of issues (see Fowler for an excellent bibliography and summary). The tone of the poem as a whole is a particular matter of debate; some see the poem as ultimately pessimistic and politically subversive to the Augustan regime, while others view it as a celebration of the new imperial dynasty. Virgil makes use of the symbolism of the Augustan regime, and some scholars see strong associations between Augustus and Aeneas, the one as founder and the other as re-founder of Rome. A strong teleology, or drive towards a climax, has been detected in the poem. The Aeneid is full of prophecies about the future of Rome, the deeds of Augustus, his ancestors, and famous Romans, and the Carthaginian Wars; the shield of Aeneas even depicts Augustus' victory at Actium in 31 BC. A further focus of study is the character of Aeneas. As the protagonist of the poem, Aeneas seems to constantly waver between his emotions and commitment to his prophetic duty to found Rome; critics note the breakdown of Aeneas' emotional control in the last sections of the poem where the "pious" and "righteous" Aeneas mercilessly slaughters Turnus.
The Aeneid appears to have been a great success. Virgil is said to have recited Books 2,4, and 6 to Augustus; Book 6 apparently caused Augustus' sister Octavia to faint. Unfortunately, the poem was unfinished at Virgil's death in 19 BC.
Mount Olympus (Greek: Όλυμπος ; also transliterated as Ólympos, and on Greek maps, Óros Ólimbos) is the highest mountain in Greece, located on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) away from Thessaloniki, Greece's second largest city. Mount Olympus has 52 peaks. The highest peak Mýtikas, meaning "nose", rises to 2,917 metres (9,570 ft). It is one of the highest peaks in Europe in terms of topographic prominence.
Mount Olympus is noted for its very rich flora with several endemic species. It is a National Park of Greece and a World's Biosphere Reserve.
In Greek mythology Olympus was regarded as the "home" of the Twelve Olympian gods of the ancient Greek world. Hephaestus had built a palace inhabited by the gods. Olympus was not shaken by winds nor ever wet with rain, nor did snow fall upon it, but the airis outspread clear and cloudless, and over it hovered a radiant whiteness.
In Greek mythology, Orestes (English pronunciation: /ɒˈrɛstiːz/; Greek: Ὀρέστης [oˈrestɛːs]) was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon. He is the subject of several Ancient Greek plays and of various myths connected with his madness and purification, which retain obscure threads of much older ones.
Orestes has a root in ὄρος (óros), "mountain". The metaphoric meaning of the name is the person "who can conquer mountains".
In the Homeric story, Orestes was a member of the doomed house of Atreus which is descended from Tantalus and Niobe. Orestes was absent from Mycenae when his father, Agamemnon, returned from the Trojan War with the Trojan princess Cassandra as his concubine, and thus not present for Agamemnon's murder by his wife, Clytemnestra, in retribution for his sacrifice of their daughter Iphigenia to obtain favorable winds during the Greek voyage to Troy. Seven years later, Orestes returned from Athens and with his sister Electra avenged his father's death by slaying his mother and her lover Aegisthus.
In the Odyssey, Orestes is held up as a favorable example to Telemachus, whose mother Penelope is plagued by suitors.