Design in The Age of Biology: Shifting From a Mechanical-Object Ethos to an Organic-Systems Ethos

In the early twentieth century, our understanding of physics changed rapidly; now, our understanding of biology is undergoing a similar rapid change. Freeman Dyson wrote, "It is likely that biotechnology will dominate our lives and our economic activities during the second half of the twenty-first century, just as computer technology dominated our lives and our economy during the second half of the twentieth [1]."