Stanislaw Lem: 1964 - Envisioning the InfoSphere
genevieve costello

The emergent "cybernetic - sociotechnical" shell will enclose the civilization under discussion within itself. - Stanislaw Lem, 1964 Stanislaw Lem wrote this in 1964 long before the Internet as we know it existed. He was of course well read in structuralism, cybernetics, and the sciences. Here he envisions what would become the future of the...