When Psychoanalysts Believed in Magic | JSTOR Daily
Ida Benedetto

The discipline of psychoanalysis has always struggled to define itself as truly scientific. As psychologist and historian Júlia Gyimesi writes, something that made this difficult from the get-go was the deep interest many early Freudians had in the occult. The psychoanalytic view that people are subject to drives hidden from the conscious mind had a natural connection with spiritualists' ideas.