Well, the word “manifesto” means to bring out into the open and to make manifest. Manifestos emerge at really significant moments, where there’s this need for rapid change and a lot of questioning is taking place. However, manifestos have typically been claims made by loud voices, from a Western, primarily male perspective, without thought to positive or negative consequences. So we keep asking ourselves <strong>what role a manifesto can play today, not just in pointing to new directions and outcomes but in proposing alternatives. Can it be more of an open system? Instead of being oppositional, can it be propositional? Instead of being utopian, can it be much more grounded in everyday reality?</strong> We had an international call for ideas and got almost 800 responses from all over the world, and we selected about 60 projects that we are currently working to develop. Included in this are many new commissions, which is an important part of the biennial—we want to help seed ideas and stimulate new research.