In drawing some intriguing parallels between shamanism and psychoanalysis, Lévi-Strauss has suggested that whereas a psychoanalytic cure is based upon the patient’s recovery of his individual myth, constructed with elements of his past, the cure in shamanism is predicated on the patient’s receiving the social myth from his collective tradition. The collective myth used by the shaman does not correspond to the patient’s personal state but reintegrates his alienating experience of sickness within a meaningful whole. Both of these myths, whether re-created by the individual or borrowed from tradition, have to be lived or relived by the patient for the healing experience of “abreaction” to take place.