The New Times Square is about developers doing as much demolition and renovation as possible in the neighborhood, and as much construction work as they possibly can. Some old-fashioned Marxism might be useful here: Infrastructure determines superstructure—not the other way around. And for all their stabilizing and destabilizing potential, discourse and rhetoric are superstructural phenomena.

There is, of course, a corollary particularly important for late-consumer media-dominated capitalism that’s largely overlooked in classical Marxism: “Superstructure stabilizes infrastructure.”

Samuel R. Delany
Bryce Wilner

Samuel R. Delany, Times Square Red, Times Square Blue (1999) (New York University Press, 2019), p. 161.