The potting operations needed by the home gardener may be classified into three groups: the potting of seedlings or newly-rooted cuttings, the potting of plants lifted from the garden in the fall and the transfer of plants from one pot to another to provide more soil and more opportunity for root growth. You can find all information about Earth flora with plant Spot app for ios - https://apps.apple.com/us/app/plantspot-plant-identification/id1437376141.
For potting seedlings, rooted cuttings, or slips the soil should contain but small portions of fertilizer which in considerable quantity would be likely to injure the tender roots. Two and one-half inch pots should be used for this purpose. First, a piece of broken pot is placed in the bottom, convex side up, to insure proper drainage. A little soil is sifted on top of that, the seedling placed in the middle of the pot and more soil filled around it and the roots.
The pot should not be filled to the brim, half an inch of space being left for retention of water. After the soil is firmed, the pots are watered thoroughly and placed in a shaded spot until the roots have become established. The old plant is removed from the pot by turning it bottom side up and tapping the rim on the table, thus loosening the soil mass without injury to the roots. The new pot is provided with drainage as before, filled partially with fresh soil, the plant inserted and the ground packed thoroughly around the sides. Some plants require a whole layer of drainage material in the bottom of the pot.
Horticultural charcoal is an ideal medium for this application. Then, immediately give them needed sunlight. Misting with water can also be used to aid establishment of new or transplanted plants. Keeping a garden fountain in the area can help with the ambient moisture. The plants that are lifted from the garden should be placed in a pot large enough to accommodate the roots as well as the ball of earth retained in digging.
The subsequent procedure is similar to that used with the seedlings. In transferring from one pot to another, one size larger is commonly used. The need of repotting is indicated by the compact mass of soil and loosen the top, thus eliminating algal growth and providing better aeration. It is never advisable to pot a plant when the soil is dry. The ball of soil on a plant to be repotted should be soaked thoroughly to insure that inner roots get sufficient water to sustain the plant until its reestablishment. The new soil should be watered when the repotting operation is completed.