Midrash (Hebrew: מִדְרָשׁ; pl. Hebrew: מִדְרָשִׁים midrashim ) is biblical exegesis by ancient Judaic authorities, using a mode of interpretation prominent in the Talmud. The word itself means "textual interpretation", "study".
Midrash and rabbinic readings "discern value in texts, words, and letters, as potential revelatory spaces," writes the Hebrew scholar Wilda C. Gafney. "They reimagine dominant narratival readings while crafting new ones to stand alongside—not replace—former readings. Midrash also asks questions of the text; sometimes it provides answers, sometimes it leaves the reader to answer the questions."
-- From Wikipedia
PDF/Photo: Mikraot Gedolot (rabbinic bible). Text follows the third edition (published in 1548)