Bioinspired phase-separated disordered nanostructures for thin photovoltaic absorbers

The wings of the black butterfly, Pachliopta aristolochiae , are covered by micro- and nanostructured scales that harvest sunlight over a wide spectral and angular range. Considering that these properties are particularly attractive for photovoltaic applications, we analyze the contribution of these micro- and nanostructures, focusing on the structural disorder observed in the wing scales.