From WIMP to ATLAS: Rhetorical Figures of Ubiquitous Computing

Abstract In 1991, Mark Weiser ambitiously proposed that his new research agenda at Xerox PARC-what he called 'ubiquitous computing' (ubicomp)-marked a third wave in the history of modern computation, following mainframes and personal computers. Weiser's first concern was to create hardware beyond the desktop; his team rapidly prototyped entirely new categories of mobile devices ('tabs, pads, and boards') that clearly inform today's smartphones and tablets.