I want to suggest that the virtual state of an always deferred potentiality is the SC’s fundamental mode of existence. In this sense, the reality of the SC is not simply what Songdo is – or, for that matter, what Masdar, Kista or any other cities designated as smart are – but relates to its ‘truth-effects’ as a hegemonic epistemic and deontological framework that conditions how urban plans are drawn up, development contracts are awarded, investment flows distributed and everyday life is experienced. Such framework is articulated less as concrete practices constituting ‘smartness’ and more as a nebulous worldview as to how cities (should) function.
The language of flowers, sometimes called floriography, is a means of cryptological communication through the use or arrangement of flowers. Meaning has been attributed to flowers for thousands of years, and some form of floriography has been practiced in traditional cultures throughout Europe, Asia, and the Middle East.