Perhaps the most striking feature of chaos magic is the concept of the magical paradigm shift. Borrowing the term 'paradigm shift' from philosopher Thomas Samuel Kuhn, Carroll made the technique of arbitrarily changing one's beliefs and magical paradigm a major concept of chaos magic. An example of a magical paradigm shift is doing a Lovecraftian rite, followed by using a technique from an Edred Thorsson book in the following ritual. These two magical paradigms are very different, but while the individual is using one, he or she believes in it fully to the extent of ignoring all other (often contradictory) ones. Such ideas are influenced by Tantric practices of breaking down all social conditioning to realize the nature of reality.
The principles themselves are five in number: Boundless Expansion, Self-Transformation, Dynamic Optimism, Intelligent Technology, and Spontaneous Order. They make up the handy Extropian acronym: BEST DO IT SO!
According to a review in Science (Enriquez 1998:926), products featuring these “output traits” will blur the distinctions between product sectors: "Soon medical prescriptions may be personalized to our genotype, along with specific nutraceutical foods. Some vaccines will be delivered through foods such as raw potatoes or bananas....These new products may be delivered through your health management organization, a merger of supermarket and pharmacy,or perhaps even through a series of national health club chains."
Every closed crowd which is dissolved by force transforms itself into an open crowd to which it imparts all its own characteristics
Constantinople fell to the Ottomans in 1453 and the last Muslim ruler was thrown out of Spain in 1492, the year Columbus sailed the ocean blue. Vasco de Gama found a sea route to India in 1498. The three events together caused a defensive consolidation of Islam under the later Ottomans, and an economic undermining of the Islamic world (a process that would directly lead to the radicalization of Islam under the influence of religious leaders like Abd-al Wahhab (1703-1792)).
According to chaos practitioners a computer is the central tool for connecting the followers, building virtual knowledge libraries and it also could be used for the simulation of the online ritual environment.
packet switching broke messages into discrete blocks, or packets, that could be routed separately across a network’s various channels. A computer at the receiving end would reassemble the packets into their original form. Baran and Davies both believed that packet switching could be more robust and efficient than circuit switching, the old technology used in telephone systems that required a dedicated channel for each conversation.
We found that recommendations have a low to moderate impact for utilitarian products, but for the hedonic products, they have a very significant impact. And these hedonic products — things like jewelry, that we don’t really need — when a recommendation suggests that something is a great fit for us, or says that people with similar tastes like this product, that really moves the needle in terms of making us respond to that recommendation.
In its new role as money, it is stored in climate-controlled warehouses rather than displayed on walls. As art became money, the institutions that supplied it developed rituals for establishing its money-like properties: alienability, authenticity.
For Terrannova, what might be a constructive project in the wake of that is some kind of information culture that does not enforce a cut in advance in the fabric of the world, and then reduce its manipulation to a set of predictable and calculable alternatives. “Informational cultures challenge the coincidence of the real with the possible.” (20) Information systems reduce material processed to closed systems defined by the relation between selection (the actual) and the field of possibilities (the virtual), but where that field appears in an impoverished form. “Information thus operates as a form of probabilistic containment and resolution of the instability, uncertainty and virtuality of a process.” (24)
The architects from Team X were primarily agents of a large public sector, while the architects of the New Urbanism are mostly agents of the private sector. Their most notorious achievement—Celebration—is a town commissioned and managed by the Disney Corporation, with Disney performing many of the tasks previously performed by the public sector.