Size: Up to 25m in height, 15029m in spread
Northern Greece, Albania, southern Yugoslavia, eastern Bulgaria, in moist mountain forests on nutrient-rich, deep sandy and loamy soils. Naturalized in Central Europe since the 16th century.
Leaves: Deciduous. 5-7 ovate leaves
Blossoms: white with yellow-red spots
Origin: Originally from the Balkans
Threats: Leaf miner moth dig itself into its leaves. Chickens and songbirds are natural predators to the leaf miner. The leaf miner make the tree vulnerable to Pseudomonas bacterium and fungal attacks.
- In Germany, seeds were used as horse cure in the past
- the moth almost exclusively infests white-flowered horse chestnuts
In Germany, they are commonly planted in beer gardens, particularly in Bavaria. Prior to the advent of mechanical refrigeration, brewers would dig cellars for lagering. To further protect the cellars from the summer heat, they would plant chestnut trees, which have spreading, dense canopies but shallow roots which would not intrude on the caverns. The practice of serving beer at these sites evolved into the modern beer garden.