What is the relation, then, between political and cultural representation? Between Darstellung and Vertretung, or between proxy and portrait as Gayatri Spivak put it?
...Some thirty to forty hears ago, early Cultural Studies, ... understood cultural representation as some sort of visual democracy. The assumption went something like this: if people were represented culturally in a positive way, political equality would become more likely. Passionate battles over the idea of a politics of representation characterized a large part of the '80s.
... We are now realizing that something in this equation went wrong; or, to put it more neutrally, something changed dramatically. While cultural representation of everything is going massive inflation, political representation is not only uneven, it is also less and less relevant.