The ugly
One of the most serious dangers is that facial recognition can assess the personality traits, feelings, mental status, and work attitudes of people who are unaware of it. These technologies, known as "emotion recognition", could be misused for both political and economic purposes.
It should be noted that most companies also use FaceID to decide which employees to hire, to gain access to insurance services or as a selective criterion in educational strategies.
Emotion recognition technologies have recently been adopted in China as well, as a method to keep the population under surveillance. Following the mandatory facial recognition for anyone with a smartphone, Chinese authorities have also introduced emotion recognition. The purpose is to monitor and control people's moods as well.
The next disadvantage of face-recognition is linked to a topic close to the black community’s heart: techno-racism.
“It’s not just the physical streets. Black folks now have to fight the civil rights fight on the virtual streets, in those algorithmic streets, in those internet streets,” says W. Kamau Bell, host of the CNN original series “United Shades of America”.
Experts warn that government and private sector digital tools might unwittingly discriminate against people of color, making techno-racism a new and vital aspect of the civil rights battle.
This is demonstrated by the fact that Black Americans are more likely than White Americans to be arrested and imprisoned for minor crimes. As a result, they appear to be overrepresented in mug shot data, which is used by face-recognition software to identify suspects accused of committing crimes. This is everything but good news.
Furthermore, because the tools used by the law enforcement in the United States fail to precisely identify the faces of black people at night, they are required to carry a lantern to be recognized, resulting in an unfair racially disparate impact.