Acts of commoning can also weave connections between different kinds of commons, a spatially dislocated commons that functions in order to create a mutually supportive web of spaces and activities. This weaving has been described as creating a “circulation of the common”: collectives or associations of people who organise shared resources – including creativity, machinery and other resources into productive ensembles that create more commons and a surplus of resources, which in turn provide the basis for new groups to start nurturing a commons.
Commons are today conceptualised as “the conditions necessary to promote social justice, sustainability and happy lives for all.” A commons can be described as a common pool resource that fulfils people’s needs outside the market and that is sustained by activities of commoning through which an (ideally) heterogeneous group of people actively produces, cares for and reproduces this common pool resource. Commoning involves constantly negotiating and re-negotiating the rules of access and use in order for the commons not to be depleted, but it also involves elements of collective creativity to keep the commons attractive and relevant to the commoners’ present conditions. Commons can for example be housing co-ops, community workshops, a communally maintained park, a shared tool, an open-source software and much else.