As a little boy, responsible for writing the family letters for his mostly illiterate community, [James Boggs] decided that he was a writer. In the process of writing and reading these letters, he became conscious of the importance of language. So, even though he spoke what he called “Alabamese” (scholars call it “Black English”) and had never studied Chinese philosophy, he shared Confucius’s view that “If language is not correct, then what is said is not what is meant; if what is said is not what is meant, then what must be done remains undone; if this remains undone, morals and art will deteriorate; if justice goes astray, the people will stand about in helpless confusion. Hence there must be no arbitrariness in what is said.”
...as is true of any natural resource, language is open to control and exploitation in favor of the oppressor or the oppressed, depending on the political context. This applies as much to European languages as it does to African languages. Thus, for the purpose of cultural hegemony or liberation, control of the means of communication is far more important than control of the medium of communication.
— Alamin Mazrui
In the first efforts made to insist on the use of French, it is clear that the state’s objective was the legibility of local practice. Officials insisted that every legal document — whether a will, document of sale, loan instrument, contract, annuity, or property deed — be drawn up in French. As long as these documents remained in local vernaculars, they were daunting to an official sent from Paris and virtually impossible to bring into conformity with central schemes of legal and administrative standardization. The campaign of linguistic centralization was assured of some success since it went hand in hand with an expansion of state power. By the late nineteenth century, dealing with the state was unavoidable for all but a small minority of the population. Petitions, court cases, school documents, applications, and correspondence with officials were all of necessity written in French. One can hardly imagine a more effective formula for immediately devaluing local knowledge and privileging all those who had mastered the official linguistic code. It was a gigantic shift in power.
Wish I met you at hot mass instead of hinge!] < So lame, so fucked, so gross
LIVE my fullest life, LAUGH through obstacles to my goals, and LOVE everyone and everything. LOVE and respect everyone the same way you do to yourself! LIVE to LOVE and LAUGH.