I just have to ask. How on earth do you keep track of all your threads. they go back several years

I am very event driven. I use search a lot, and try to encode handholds I can find later.

Like the answer to this question is probably "self describing"

so reading thru that thread, I find https://twitter.com/ultimape/status/1387496771056775171 and now I have a better answer for you.

I treat it like a sort of dance between me and the machine. A habit I built up on other platforms as I dealt with memory issues.

I have a lot of fun playing word association games, which helps a lot when my memory for words fails me. In real life, I will often struggle to talk say things like "round animal" instead of "meat ball" or "cow juice" instead of milk. Its super annoying sometimes, but it helps me when I need to search for things because I can generate similar words almost like what word2vec algorithms do.


I have that idea encoded as "Lethoogica". They pop into my head as I write things. Its very distracting sometimes when i'm not doing well and can't prevent my scattered adhd brain from chasing down rabbits

I found out I can make loops out of word assotiations and if I spend time to do it intentionally, I can tie thoughts together with them.

I don't know what this is called. I am basically reinventing narrative memory aids that super-memory athletes use. If I stumble upon one of my loops, I can usually recreate them again and wander around it until I find the right word and then I'm off to the races.

Which... is what I did to find this tweet

which is basically "word association" + "how I index twitter" at the intersection of two word association loops :)

I just searched for "word association" in twitter and wandered a bit. Then selected the right tweet.

Someone else also asked me if I had an index. I found this one as an answer. It seems it might be good for you too.

man this is a gold mine cheers

Found another tweet on the topic

How on earth do you keep track of all y…

Hey man do you index your threads anywhere, topic wise or something? There’s treasure trove of info here and it would be great if there was a something like a thread of threads



nope, not formally. I use twitter search + word association to find my threads.

Its very messy, but that is also part of the magic for me.

I do try to dump important threads in https://are.na/ultimape/root-tweets-toots as I find them.

But I have weird memory issues. There are days at a time that I forget arena even exists because my behaviors tend to be grounded in automatic habits. Oddly I still remember to add research notes to it, but its almost instinctual at this point.

I don't know how to index this. You're basically reading my exobrain / memex.

Np thank you man. Cheers

Found another tweet on the topic

Man would have to sit down and read this stuff proper :thinking face:

How do you index your threads anyway?

A rant on twitter I decided to delete.

Reminder that “mild” is a misnomer. In these cases, it caused brain demyelination.

Mild respiratory SARS-CoV-2 infection can cause multi-lineage cellular dysregulation and myelin loss in the brain

This is some seriously speculative stuff.

They've done necropsies on patients who die of severe COVID and found minimal if any brain pathology. And we're supposed to believe that these mild URIs cause demyelination??

It doesn't pass the smell test.

In the autopsy studies I read, many of the deaths already had demylination or evidence of neurodegeneration. There's a summary review here: https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC7687409/

That mouse study wasn't about those who died, but those who lived. Recalibrate your sniff test.

They literally use a strain of coronavirus to trigger experimental autoimmune encephalitis... this is the mouse model of demyelination and neurodegenerative diseases.

Seems like we'd almost expect coronavirus strains to cause this in mice, no?

I'd almost expect any disease that can trigger new on-set diabetic ketoacidosis to also trigger demyelination given there are studies on mouse models of diabetes that show neuropathy and demyelination since the '80s. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6969018/

Do you read your own field's papers?

Here's one specifically opining about impact of various coronavirus strains (sars 1.0, mers-cov etc) & their impact on CNS => epilepsy. https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC7537056/ and there are a ton exploring CNS damage in this space https://nn.neurology.org/content/8/1/e923

I'd be surprised if they didn't find it.

Some of the people from sars 1.0 are still in wheelchairs with unexplained demyelination. And studies on almost every similar coronavirus strain exhibit some for of demyelination in susceptible hosts across species.

Can you smell it yet?

I'm smelling bullshit. Because we even see this in bovine coronavirus.

oh yeah, and in primates in this 1992 study.

"And we're supposed to believe that these mild URIs cause demyelination??"


I can't believe there are neurologists on here who don't understand or even know about basic virally induced demyelination. How do you go thru med school and not learn this?

another one from 1992.

"These findings show that coronaviruses can infect the human central nervous system and raise the possibility that these viruses may contribute to the pathogenesis of MS in some patients."

I'm not qualified. I'm not a doctor. I'm just some autistic person who doesn't know what they talking about.

If a neurologist says it doesn't pass the sniff test, who am I to question

Sure wish I could feel my legs tho. And whole seizures thing my whole family gets kinda sucks.

Neurologist doesn't seem to know about …

Content Warning: Masking in autism, trauma
Originally shared on

Masking is when you say "I'm getting a migraine" or "I have a really bad headache" because you learned telling your grandmother you were being overwhelmed in a store, multiple times, was being ignored. She dismissed your protests as being dramatic. When you finally melted down and somehow managed to avoid running out of the store in a panic, she left you behind because she was upset that you would do this to her. So you had to walk 4 miles home in 95f heat.

I haven't spoken to her since because she was upset that I would do that while we went to the store to buy pants for my birthday. I even told her that clothing was a sensory issue I run into, and that particular store was bad for me because of all the bright spotlights lights flashing off the polished floor. She dismissed my concerns and encouraged the event anyway because she wanted to do something nice.

She appears to think I was trying to hurt her for some reason and is angry at me for slighting her.

This store shopping meltdown issue has been a reoccurring problem in my life. It was partly why my marriage ended. I'm over here exploring the epigenetic expression of c tactile fibers as it relates to neural signaling cascades and the neuroscience of sensory awareness and roles of microglia and myelin in localized seizures. And their role in autistic meltdowns. You'd almost think there was something wrong with me at a biological level that needs to be addressed.

You wouldn't think Transactional Analysis be rooted in trauma coping behaviors tied to autism associated shame patterns, but it do.

Am in the asshole for pointing out how not being listened to and then gas lit repeatedly about how my sensory problems is causing me problems in my relationships? Is this just me being a dick and making excuses for my behavior?

People are like:
HaVe YoU tRiEd NoT hAvInG aUtIsM? /s

ah fam, it's cool I don't have autism anymore, just got this really bad pain in the ass all of a sudden, and a massive headache. *Rubs temples in frustration to mime being in pain*

Just can't get no empathy.
*Pulls on tie like Rodney Dangerfield's nervous tick turned into a punch line*

And people be telling me I just need to practice more and to stop making so many excuses.

You think I did this on purpose? Ah yes. clearly I am just sabotaging my life because of low self worth. Couldn't be that I have inherited some kind of immune system disorder that has noted sensory processing issues.

The ironic part, there's a good chance my gram's lack of awareness is rooted in something akin to autism herself, I can't even blame the traditional scapegoat "normies". Some kind of lack of empathy for my experiences intermixed with social mores built up over years.

Blaming other people for your emotional feelings is a really common coping mechanism: you're not the asshole, other people are just being mean to you. I believe this is called 'projection'. It makes it hard to really listen to what people are saying.

Ignoring other people's point of view and framing everything as other people being mean? A great default defense mechanism that allows you to not get overwhelmed, or ego damaged, by constantly feeling bad when people give you shit for being things you can't control.

I don't think my gram was being mean. I think she was unable to full appreciate my protests and dismissed them. This came off as gaslighting from my perspective, but it wasn't an intentional one. It was more just a poor dynamic between us. Me being unable to communicate my needs, and her being unable or unwilling to understand them.

Maybe it's good she hasn't expressed interest in interacting with me anymore. If I cause her pain, and she literally ignores my needs and causes me pain... That does seem like a bad dynamic.

Shame on me for not respecting my elder and refusing to not be autistic around them. /s

4th family member relationship that has been ruined.

I hate this.

Moral of the story? Always have money for a cab, and a cellphone.

Masking in autism, trauma

originally written as a response to a question about cannabis use and impacts on fungus.

I was personally taking a small dose of THC via tincture every day after learning about people getting medical cannabis for muscle spasticity in Multiple Sclerosis. I live in Vermont (USA), so the product was gifted to me and legal per recreational use laws, so have had the luxury of experimenting with it without a medical use license.

I do not know enough about the vape based methods to comment as I've had such good luck with the tincture form I haven't needed to explore that space. The nice thing about a tincture is you can dose it consistently, without worrying about over-doing it like might occur with smoking a cigarette form of it. It also avoids activating immune reactions from the smoke in the lungs.

As I understand it, it's not much different from how you make cannabis infused butter, with a decarboxylation step being done first as apposed to depending on the heat from the smoke as happens in the smoke based methods. In this case I happen to know roughly the specific % of THC in the mixture due to the strain being lab tested before produced. I've read that some people have been using chocolates or baked goods as a way to dose more consistently, which might be a good alternative.

Here's a summary of what I've learned while exploring this space, as it relates to gut and fungal infections:

There's some research on Cannabis causing improvement via impacting levels of akkermansia muciniphila in a mouse model of Multiple Sclerosis. It seems it can be helpful because it promotes mucus production - which is what a lot of the gut bacteria live within to protect them from the stomach acids & bases that live in the the gut. But while it does seem to promote gut health somehow in some people who have gut dysbiosis, the way that this interacts with other dietary and medicinal factors (or existing ecosystem) is still being researched. So its hard to say if this effect will work for your particular set of problems.

Interesting, I did find that it seemed to improve my IBS symptoms as well, which seems to be also a promising area of research. In particular, there are lots of explorations of how that akkermansia muciniphila impacts things in Experimental Colitis. That this happened may be due to interesting overlaps with the conditions and may be unique to my experiences here, so I can't be sure how consistent this is for everyone.

Now, if these things are directly related to fungal infection, I can't exactly say for certain. Tho there does seem to be recent research to suggest it may be possible. I do find it interesting how much money is being put toward experimenting with anti-fungal pharmaceuticals to combat crohn's, targeting a bunch of different fungal types that may be causing symptoms.

Now, does cannabis use impact fungus? Results seem to be both ways. With high cannabis use being associated with fungal infection. But there are also interesting connections between various cannabinoids and a reduction in dermatitis associated with Malassezia. It is known that smoking it can sometimes cause fungal infections simply from contamination, which is a factor that also shows up in tobacco use.

I am not a doctor myself, so I can't make any authoritative claims, but my view is that the fungal effect may be a dose dependent response, with the risks being driven by high levels of use, particularly with how cannabis use interacts with the immune system. Sadly, given how recent western medical science has even been allowed to study cannabis, it is hard to find anything definitive here.

My personal goals involve figuring out why my body isn't producing endocannabinoids naturally. I view the THC use as a temporary crutch to help me alleviate symptoms long enough to get back on my feet (in this case, literally), and learn what I can improve in my diet to make the THC use unnecessary. The most exciting thin on my radar right now is seeing microbiologists exploring THC/CBD and it's impact on biofilms production from fungal/bacterial cooperation. This is where I'm hoping to see significant advances as it relates to medicinal plant's action on the space of microbiology.

Sorry I can't give more direct answers, but hope this helps you get a better understanding. I will say I am very excited to watch the research unfold myself. I am hopeful this space will improve quickly as there are so many avenues where cannabis and microbiome interact, and my own self-experiments here have born fruit.

For my own issues it has been very easy to gauge my body's responses to cannabis by simply tracking bowel movement frequency/quality and the stability of my gait, but I doubt this is as easy for everyone. If your care practitioner is helping you on this journey, I would suggest talking to them about possible impacts here and figuring out a way to check if it's working or not for you.

Does Cannabis Impact Fungus?

Garlic is a source of glutathione precursors. When mixed with bile, or fermented, it seems to produce a chemical called SAC which is comparable to NAC. Both are effective precursors to glutathione production. I believe you also need magnesium to have the body produce it. Garlic is also loaded with B6. Onions and leaks have a similar profile.

Gluthione acts a lot like how vitamin C helps the body harvest iron from wheat. Strangely we've even seen gluthione reverses scurvey in guinea pigs (an animal model of human vitamin C), which suggests something fascinating is going on.

Similar cystine compounds are a major component of meat.
The effect of cysteine-containing peptides released during meat digestion on iron absorption in humans

Garlic helps combat oxidative stress from high fat diet. So reasoning thru I also found it helps fight lipid problems associated with diabetes.

Garlic supposedly helps Crohn's disease by impacting ace receptors. Funny how that works.

Garlic seems to have impressive anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties. It also appear's it's action somewhat selective and actually promotes desire-able commensal ones. It seems to help L reuteri, which is one that I specifically seek out in my diet.

Old myths about using garlic to heal wounds seems to be true. It fights biofilm formation by bacteria/fungal colonies, which is one of the things that stops wounds from healing. This may be especially helpful for diabetics, who's sugary blood feeds yeasts.

Garlic is one of the simplest crops to grow. Tho I didn't manage to get starter cloves in the ground before the winter freeze.

I've been collecting a ton of notes in this are.na channel that include science papers it also links to subchannels about growing and foraging it etc.

Many of the ancient healing potions in medical grimoires involve bile and garlic in some capacity.

Honey fermented garlic is as old as the Ancient Sumerians. It's real simple to make, and it takes the burn away from the the allicin. It taste really good IMHO.

It needs to be raw honey because of a natural bee enzyme that reacts to water to produce hydrogen peroxide. Non-raw honey is heated, which destroys the enzyme.

Any kind of garlic should work, but probably a good idea to go with organic to avoid pesticides that might dysrupt any fermentation.

I collected videos on how to do it in this are.na channel.

I did a bunch of cloves from Aldi's first and it worked well. Doing a larger batch right now with local honey and organic garlic from the food co-op. It's good to eat after a month, but gets progressively less bitter as time goes on, so am hoping to see how it is after a couple months this time.

The current challenge I'm facing is as it's a fermentation thing, I gotta keep them warm so they keep going. Can tell they slow way down below 68*f.

Nice thing about honey garlic is it is shelf stable and relatively cheap.

You can also just cook with fresh garlic to get similar effect. The cooking methods that use heat to reduce garlic's bite does similar thing to it to cause allicin to turn into SAC. Appears to be a basic mallard reaction. Tho you get more out of the fermentation way if I'm understanding the science papers correctly.

A quicker option I saw is "fire cider" which has kick to it, but same basic idea. Loaded with antioxidants and glutathione precursors. It's been going around witchcraft and herbalism circles so many people seem to be dismissing it as hogwash. It's only because of exploring garlic research that I knew about it myself.

Chewing on fresh garlic also works, but you'll reek for a couple of days and it's nasty to do. It may also not work well for people with low bile since a lot of hte interaction between allicin and bile seems to be a major mechanism of action.

My girlfriend's got a sensitive pallet, but she was willing to eat the honey garlic every day once it had fermented for a month.

Weirdly, if you put garlic slabs on your feet, it will absorb thru the skins and into the blood. After a few minutes you can taste it. Garlic seems like a really powerful way to help with blood problems because of how readily it goes into it. This might also explain an old folk-tale about putting garlic in your socks if you are sick.

Like all things don't eat it to excess. Most of the doctors I found who recommend it say aim for 1 clove in the morning. Many of them recommend the odor free powder pills. It appears to be some kind of freeze dried garlic that doesn't have as much of the antioxidant compounds in it. Still exploring this space to find out what might be easy to acquire in bulk while still having intended glutathione effects.

Learn you a Garlic for Great Good

Do ants fuck? Or do they mate?

On how language used to describe things matters.

and how associations with existing meaning changes how we think about things.

alternate title: "What arguments over language tells us about our own ideological thinking."

Content Warning: Mentions of rape and cannibalism, society and power. Armchair sociology. Raw unhindered frank discussion on a personal perspective about language games in society. Outsider discussion of politics around scientific disciplines and academia. Rude things about ants.

A friend of mine shared this Quillette piece ('What Computer-Generated Language Tells Us About Our Own Ideological Thinking') with me to try to describe a phenomena with how people confuse the linguistic symbol with the subject. It reminded me of the concept of 'The map–territory relation' and some older thoughts I had about how language itself is hard.

I went on to describe my take on this piece on how we label insect sex behavior in biology ('Insects can’t be virgins and you should stop calling them that').

I liked that piece on biology labels because it was particularly enlightening to me. It's easy for many to dismiss it as someone complaining about their emotions being hurt. In fact, that was nature of my initial reaction. Introspecting my own aversions to the idea of 'mated' vs 'virgin' helped me to see how concerns over language may be due to unappreciated latent associations and conflicts in how one frames the situation. I feel it highlights a useful and misunderstood framing in how language is used in biology fields. This essay is an attempt at a more polished version of my thoughts, and an attempt at translating how I interpreted it.

The writer of that Sisterstem article is opposed to the way 'rape' and 'virgin' are used in the language around insects. They are pointing out that these terms are heavily loaded with social-cultural context. I'd go one further and point out how these problematic may even be baked into the core of western understandings of biology, with similar embedded biases stemming from plato.

I believe these kinds of concerns about language use are easily misinterpreted by people who don't often think about this space under lenses of power dynamics within society. It's only after listening to what the writer was saying that I could begin to Grant the Premise on the issue they are raising. I could then see the genuine frustration being expressed. A frustration that I also feel needs to be more widely understood.

An aside; As an autistic person who's thing is ants, I try my best to make sure everyone is willing to talk to me about them! Sadly, I often struggle with a sort of callousness to these kinds of things. So it is inherently useful for me to hear perspectives on how language framing impacts people. Language itself has been a general struggle for me, but I'm getting better. I've even come to appreciate how trauma can be associated with overloaded terms, reminding individuals of past strife, and how cultural differences put roadblocks up in having meaningful discussions.

So it seems reasonable to me to avoid using terms that bring up those associations where I can, and especially in an academic setting. This is why I attempt to use content warnings now when I recognize problematic content. But more than that, seeing how these emotional struggles come-about has also helped me to look beyond them to the underlying issues being raised (instead of simply being dismissive). It lets me listen better.

But even if I take on my naturally inclined stance of a cold clinical wannabe scientist who seeks to peruse knowledge, I still believe we should weight the argument about considering the social context of that language more highly. A lot of language arguments have nuances about definitions and accuracy that are often ignored. Looking at how gatekeeping phenomena bias how fields develop, which necessarily overlaps with how language norms develop with differing meanings, its not surprising we often don't even notice when these subtle divergences are happening.

To people who follow my questionable escapades learning about biology on twitter, it may seem hypocritical that I would write this piece. If I'm honest, many of my tweets are probably the best example for how problematic language is tied to biology. I'll happily talk about how there are giant insect orgies and use analogies with fuck-fests or other even talking about bees fingering flowers for the sake of communicating a metaphor that is in my head. Heck, my entire basis for reasoning about ants is to consider us to be more like ants than we realize. Sometimes quite litterally.

To be fair, my threads and ideas on twitter are being done under a lens that I'm knowingly abusing metaphor, pataphor, and intentionally breaking linguistic silos to generate more creative framings about the world. I like to imagine I am taking a poetic license and doing absurdist poetry to explore ideas. Tho it probably just comes off as insensitive and deranged. I'm sorry.

Still, I believe that one of the larger problems we have in our quest for knowledge is from biases stemming from how early views on how we differentiate ourselves from other lifeforms. So while I like to frame us as just another animal, I can see how being too dogmatic in one view also leads to neglecting the social aspects that make us uniquely human. One of the ways this inherent framing is most readily seen is in our use of language, and I do believe pointing out those biases is one of the first steps to unveiling the hidden areas they create.

Seeing academic professionals — claiming to be interested in the pursuit of knowledge — only to be clutching their pearls over what I see as unexplored territory? At best it's simply annoying!

In this way, I say we should absolutely be questioning and perhaps outright breaking existing language norms in the field, all the more-so if they are holding us back. Seems wise to avoid imposing artificial barriers on how we frame ourselves against other life, whether thru disagreements on shared language, or poor specificity in analogies we use to represent an idea.

My interest in breaking these frames that shackle our thoughts goes both ways tho. Questioning how we frame ants is why I even found the thing about 'virgin' queens! I feel a strong desire to do the reverse and not just call fledging queens as "virgins", but take that whole absurd analog to humans and run with it! Are there chad ants? Are their gamergates that use their stored sperm to impregnate other females? Can ant memorize a face (like wasps) and hold a grudge against another ant for violating their agency? What would a social power structure in an ant colony look like? Should we have a field studying ant polotics?

TL;DR: If ants are people, am I a garbage person? Well, actually...

Do ants cannibalize their young?

This entire piece is predicated on how I've been thinking about how 'cannibalism' might be construed under that lens of language politics. I personally do not like the idea of people eating each other, which is why I've been research what causes it in human and animal societies. As problematic as the topic can be, it has been an extremely valuable mine of insights for me, touching on many aspects of biology and leading to interesting questions.

In the case of cannibalism, this is a taboo entrenched deeply in many western belief systems. It doesn't take long studying this space to quickly see how these powers end up encroaching on this space and are used in a political capacity to silence people. The whole "atheists eat babies" and older forms of blood libel are still alive and well AFAICT.

Studying human ritual cannibalism from an anthropology perspective, we see all these complex social dynamics. When we go to study it in animals, we just see it framed in cold language about how they simply eat each other due to stress. We also get cannibalism-esque behavior from medical and nutritional conditions in many mammals (including humans), so like the whole "virgin" vs "mated" concept, I find it useful to distinguish between these phenomena by being explicit about social boundaries.

More directly, in exploring the history of cannibalism and 'soul' in the context of philosophy, it is essential to be aware of these elaborate social-political games to understand the context of how ideas interacted. Thomas Aquinas may not have been thinking about how his thought experiments on corporal entitivity and the relationship of body & soul would lead to witch-hunts. Nor would he expect his thought experiments would later found the notion of 'atoms' of matter, but that's where we are. So I find it very useful to consider directly the language framing issue as a way to explore our relationship to knowledge.

Like in the case of the use of "virgin ants' in biology: Ignoring that we have this extra political layer, one using language policing behaviors as a means of social control, would be folly. If you genuinely wanna explore cannibalism in human societies, you must necessarily explore how societies enact power. Not doing so would lead directly to a misunderstanding about how cannibalism is viewed in society. Ignoring this lets it further become weaponized, and then lines get drawn in the sand about how one frames a situation. With-us-or-against-us social grouping form and people see it as an opportunity to attack and de-status competitors. Worth considering how the latter group may be distinct phenomena from those who are genuinely concerned about how the language being used may be misleading.

As I want to literally figure out how to stop animals from suffering & maybe try to avoid eating each other. It makes me twisted inside to talk about this space. On one hand I hope to continue learning and discussing the nuances. But I also see how the very act of having discussions about cannibalism (or even less impactful things like ant sexual practice) leads to direct confrontations with social-cultural dynamics. Just pointing this out can cause undue harm leading to chilling effects.

I think engaging with these power games veiled within our use of language is important if we're to more fully understand a concept. Nonetheless, it is unimaginably uncomfortable to do, so I think I'll stop here.

Do ants fuck?

I figured out how this works.

"killed established S. aureus biofilms in an in vitro model of soft tissue infection and killed methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in a mouse chronic wound model. While the remedy contained several ingredients that are individually known to have some antibacterial activity, full efficacy required the combined action of several ingredients, highlighting the scholarship of premodern doctors and the potential of ancient texts as a source of new antimicrobial agents."

It's pronomoting a commensal soil bacteria by helping it destroy biofilms. It's the same bacteria ants use to keep their colony free of fungus. It's the bacteria that we derived streptomycin from.

1000 year old recipie that I think should cure most fungus infections tied to autism and crohn's.

Trying to find out how to locate dirt with the bacteria. It shows up everywhere there is soil said to heal wounds. I think it might also be promoted by holy water.

There are so many folk ideas about mixing dirt and garlic. It turns out you need to prepare the garlic in a certain way, and use the right kind of dirt.

According to local belief, the soil from a churchyard in Boho can cure infections. A microbiologist who took samples to see if there was any scientific basis for the cure has made an astonishing discovery. Dr Gerry Quinn found a unique strain of streptomyces, a microorganism used to produce antibiotics.

Crohn's disease is fundamentally a wound healing problem.

I've been trying to figure out why my scars went away. It turns out scar tissue formation is one of the main reason why wound don't heal properly.

So I've been able to discover that bacteria impact wound healing. I think I'll be able to regrown limbs if I can figure this out.

I already found a bacteria found in baby poop that promotes bone growth. It's used in an ancient korean bone healing cure.

I just have to find an environmental source of it, or something similar.

The big problem is that yeasts and funguses seem to produce biofilms that impair normal wound healing. They feed off the nutrients the body tries to send to the wound site, so the body decides to scar tissue instead.

Fight that process and the natural wound healing system can reinstigate. Which means promoting immune function and recruiting commensal bacteria/fungus.

This can be traced directly to sonic hedgehog signaling pathways and other organ development Genes' expression.

Turns out multiple sclerosis associated brain scarring is also on sonic hedgehog pathways.

Lots of hints in literature that autistic types have weird body shapes and higher rates of congenital deformities. It seems Sonic hedgehog causes autism by influencing the way the brain develops. Suggests maternal immune function and infection by fungus are a proximate cause. This interaction is why I keep finding gut bacteria involvement.

Explains autistic GI issues too.

Soil bacteria wound healing via commens…