Let me start by stating something obvious: in the last decade, technology has transformed from a tool that we use to a place where we live. If we’re setting out to change the character of technology in our lives, we’d be wise to learn from the character of places.
“In an aggressively DIY culture, the inherent complexity of many tasks is seriously underestimated. (…) The new ‘undeserving poor’ are the ‘ungifted amateurs’: people who lack the skills and knowledge to find their way through the complexities of the new information age and knowledge economy.”
“To some extent, the monopoly of elites, such as lawyers, has been displaced, as ordinary people have been provided with direct access to legal information and self-help resources. But, we go on to argue, this development has neatly dovetailed with the other dominant ideological forces at play in Western democracies during this same period: neoliberalism and public sector managerialism. We demonstrate how the introduction of private sector corporate efficiency into the public sector has combined with new models of ‘co-production’ which increasingly expect citizens to assist and support government service delivery, rather than the other way round.”
It's less concrete now?
There are still skills shared, but the outcome isn't a chair or a dome house etc. anymore. Or sometimes it is (e.g. repair tutorials).
But often, it is about software skills, coding skills, and people use the outcomes as content for their social media feeds. This generates immaterial social capital... or something.
Past: pragmatic vs. Now: producing sth that's usefull as communication
Can we find an image for this?
Can we find a quote for this?
“Humans are not original. We only reinvent, make connections between things we have seen.”
Mario Klingemann on creativity
The hacker-artist-activist mindset
"They are not taking the world at face value, a given from outside; rather, they see the world as something you can pry open, something you can tinker with."
van Abel, B., Evers, L., Klaassen, R., Troxler, P. eds. 2011. Open Design Now: Why Design Cannot Remain Exclusive. Amsterdam: BIS Publishers, p. 17.
"Finally, since digital information is very flexible and dynamic, it can be easily manipulated and incorporated into other works. This characteristic supports the creation of indexes and search features within works, which provide an extremely beneficial and efficient tool for research and study. This flexibility, however, also lends to the easy creation of derivative works, either new copyrighted works or infringements of pre-existing works."
"For instance, since publication on the Web is easy and inexpensive, unauthorized distribution and reproduction of posted material becomes almost impossible to control or prevent."
"These cases narrowed fair use by holding that users are not entitled to exploit copyrighted works for free for traditional fair use purposes, such as research and education, when the copyright owner has created a market for such uses and makes it feasible to pay for such uses." p. 63