Several years ago, the journalist David Epstein wrote the book Range: Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World, which argued that early specialization was a poor strategy for succeeding in a world of complex problems that defy easy answers. Instead, Epstein said, people are better off exploring a variety of fields and approaches and braiding their knowledge to produce new solutions. Wang’s research seems to back up that claim. The central paradox of the explore-exploit sequence is that hot streaks are examples of specialization, but specialization itself doesn’t lead to hot streaks. Today’s best exploiters were yesterday’s best explorers.
6 Habits of Super Learners
Read a lot
Reading is exercise for your mind. It allows us to roam the expanse of space, time, history, and offer a deeper view of ideas, concepts, emotions, and body of knowledge.
View learning as a process
Learning is a journey, not a destination. Keep mastering new principles, processes, worldviews, thinking models, etc.
Adopt a growth mindset
A growth mindset is a learning theory that revolves around the belief that you can improve intelligence, ability, and performance.
Teach others what you know
Learners retain 90% of what they learn when they explain/teach the concept to someone else, or use it immediately. The ultimate test of your knowledge is your capacity to transfer it to another.
Take care of your brain
The health of your brain can significantly change how you record, process, and retrieve information. Eat foods that prevent cognitive decline: blueberries, leafy greens, whole grains, protein from fish and legumes, unsaturated fats.
Take short breaks, early and often
Downtime is crucial to retaining anything you learn. Taking breaks gives your brain time to recover, helps you learn better, and improves your retention rate.